Today for our Summer Fun unit we learned about water. We had fun with water experiments and learning about the three states of water. We decided to save all of our water balloon fun for another day of our Summer Fun unit.
Read: Water by Kate Walker
Discuss: Let’s talk about all the ways our family uses water. Take a bath, do the dishes, wash the clothes, fill up the swimming pool, cook with is, drink it… We should drink 8 cups of water a day, why?
- It will increase metabolism,
- fill you up,
- help to loose weight,
- flush toxins out of your body,
- help your skin get healthier,
- help in digestion and constipation,
- keeps you from being tired
- makes your body healthier,
- and it has zero calories.
3 States of Water
Discuss: Water can change it’s form by making the water hotter or colder. Water is a liquid and can become a gas at 212 degrees and a solid at 32 degrees.
2 clear plastic cups
- Fill a cup and place it in a freezer.
- Fill a clear cup with water. Observe how the water can move around in the cup. It is easy to see through. Record what you have observed about water in a liquid form.
- Pour the cup of water into a pot over the stove.
- Bring the water in the pot to a boil, you should be able to see the steam rising from the pot. Record what you have observed about water in a gas form.
- How is the gas water different from the liquid water?
- Take the cup out of the freezer and try to dump it out of the cup. It has be come ice and is frozen hard. Record what you have observed about water as a solid now.
- How is the solid water different from the liquid water and gas water?
Solid, Liquid, Gas
We used this free Solid, Liquid, Gas download to review.
Simple Water Experiments
3 different size plastic containers
Cup of water
- Use an eye dropper to drop water onto a penny, one drop at a time. Guess how many drops the penny will hold before it spills?
- A lump of clay sinks. Shape the same amount of clay to make it float.
- Get different size containers, then predict whether one will hold more or less water than the others. J predicted the cup would hold more water. He counted the tablespoons of water that he put into each container. The bowl ended up holding 2 more tablespoons.
- Make a boat from a small plastic container. Predict how many pennies it will hold before it sinks.
- Can water move uphill? Cut a strip of coffee filter paper or a paper towel. Hold the strip so the bottom barely touches the surface of the water. What happens? Build a tower of sugar cubes in a shallow dish, then add a little colored water (food coloring in water) in the bottom. What happened?
Discuss: Water can provide energy. It can even provide enough energy for an entire power station.
Large plastic bottle (Soda Bottle)
- Cut the top off of the bottle.
- Use a thumb tack to make 6 holes around the base of the bottle.
- Use the sharp end of a pencil to widen the holes.
- Cut a straw into 6 pieces about an inch long and push them into the holes.
- Make 3 holes at the top of the bottle and tie a one string to each of the top holes.
- Tie the stings together attached to a fourth piece of string.
- Hang the bottle or hold on to it outside as someone pours in a jug of water.
- The water power will make the bottle turn.
The energy from the water coming out of the holes makes the bottle spin around. In water power stations, the water turns an enormous wheel, called turbines. The turbines drive machines called generators that produce electricity.
Saving Water Maze
We used this free Saving Water Maze download.
Summer Fun Unit Study