Rainbows Day 1: Colors of the Rainbow

Rainbows Day 1: Colors of the Rainbow
We spent the first day of our rainbow unit study learning the colors of the rainbow.  We had fun with baking, crafts, reading, science experiments, similes, and math.  The favorite activity for the kids today was definitely the rainbow flower cookies that we made.  The three older kids can now recite all the colors of the rainbow.
Colors of the Rainbow

Discuss: What are the colors in the rainbow? (ROY G. BIV) Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Indigo, Purple. Newton added indigo and orange to give a total of 7 colors similar to the number of notes in a musical scale and number of days in a week. Indigo is not really a color. It is a shade between blue and violet. Many people omit indigo from the rainbow spectrum because it is not a color and is hard for the human eye to distinguish between the blue and violet.

Read: Liz Makes a Rainbow by Tracey West

Comprehension Questions:

  1. What are the colors of the rainbow? Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Purple
  2. What is the shade of color between blue and purple sometimes called? Indigo

Ordinal Numbers


Give the child a blank rainbow and have him listen and follow the directions below as you read them.
Start at the top and color the firs tarc red.                   Color the fifth arc blue.
Color the fourth arc green.                                               Color the third arcyellow.
Color the second arc orange.                                          Color the sixth arc purple.IMG_0506

Rainbow Color Matching
Make a large rainbow out of poster board.  Place the rainbow on the floor with small items of each color in a basket.  The child places each item on the appropriate colored arc.IMG_0349 IMG_0350

Rainbow Similes
Read :What Makes a Rainbow? by Betty Ann Schwartz

Discuss:  A simile is a figure of speech consisting of a comparison of 2 objects using like or as. Similes tell you what something is LIKE. Similes are in What Makes a Rainbow? “Red LIKE a ladybugs wings.”


  • Poster Board
  • Markers or Crayons
  • Printing Paper
      1. Pick a color. Describe the color by answering the following…
      2. Tastes like …
        Smells like…
        Sounds like…
        Looks like…
        Hot like…
        Cold like…
      3. Tell in a sentence or group of sentences what this color looks like, sounds like, etc…
      4. Lightly sketch an outline of a large rainbow on the poster board.
      5. Write our poems in the stripes exactly how the children dictate it to you.IMG_0362
      6. Kids can make a smaller version of the Simile Rainbow on a piece of paper.
      7. Kids write the word color over and over for each arc in the rainbow.IMG_0363
Rainbow Pudding Cups
  • 6 packages of different colored Jello (purple, blue, green, yellow, orange, red.)
  • 6 Cups of Vanilla Ice Cream
  • 6 Cups of Hot Water.
  • Clear glassesIMG_0329
  1. Follow the instructions on the back of the jello box, but instead of adding a cup of cold water, you add a cup of ice cream.
  2. Make sure you pour the pudding in a clear glass, and let each layer set up in the refrigerator before you add the next layer.IMG_0330

Rainbow Puzzles
I print off page 8 of this Rainbow Download and let the children cut them out and place them together.IMG_0353 IMG_0352 IMG_0351

Cotton Ball Rainbow
  • Cotton balls
  • White paper cut in a cloud “shape”
  • Construction paper in each color of the rainbow
  • Glue
  1. Give child the cloud shape.
  2. Cover the bottom of the cloud with glue.
  3. Child places color paper at the bottom of the cloud.
  4. Add additional glue all over the paper cloud.
  5. Place cotton balls to add “fluff.”IMG_0357 IMG_0361

Planting A Rainbow

Read: Planting a Rainbow by Lois Ehlert


  • Sugar Cookie Dough
  • Food Coloring
  • Unsweetened cocoa powder
  • Sucker Sticks
  1. Divide the dough into 7 parts (one for each color and one for the flower centers)
  2. Color the dough with the food coloring (red, orange, yellow, green blue, purple)IMG_0498
  3. Add a tablespoon of unsweetened cocoa powder to the dough, for the brown, flower centers.
  4. Roll the dough into 1/2 inch balls.
  5. Place colored balls around the centers, to form flowers, on a greased cookie sheet. Press them together a little, so they stick to each other.  (T thought it was play dough)IMG_0502
  6. Add a sucker, pushing it through the dough into the center of the flower. IMG_0501
  7. Bake as normal for sugar cookies (350 degrees Fahrenheit for 10-12 minutes).IMG_0515 IMG_0516 IMG_0519

Baking Soda & Vinegar

Discuss:When the baking soda and the vinegar mix they create an acid-base reaction and the two chemicals work together to create a gas (the bubbles).  Observe the 3 states of matter: the baking soda is the solid, the vinegar is the liquid, and the bubbles is the gas.


  • baking soda
  • vinegar
  • spoons
  • clear cups or containers
  • food coloring
  • a tray to hold any spills
  1. Add a few drops of food coloring to each spoon.IMG_0505
  2. Fill the rest of each spoon with baking soda.
  3. Add ¼ to ½ cup of vinegar to each cup.
  4. Choose a spoon and stir it into one cup of vinegar.
    IMG_0508 IMG_0514

Rainbow Unit Study

Day 1: Colors of the Rainbow

Day 2: God’s Promise

Day 3: The Color Wheel

Day 4: Double Rainbows

Day 5: What Makes a Rainbow?

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