Pilgrims Day 6: The Colonists

The Colonists

Today we got to learn about the colonists and how they lived without the luxuries that we live with today.


  • The Dish on Food and Farming in Colonial America by Anika Fajardo.
  • Stories of the Pilgrims by Margaret B. Pumphrey pgs. 167-236.
  • A Beka Our America (pg. 97-104)

Discuss: A colony is a land that is ruled by another country. The United States was started with 13 colonies that were ruled by England; Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, Connecticut, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. (Show where England and each state is on the world map). A person who lived in one of these colonies was called a colonist. The colonist grew their vegetables and hunted for meat but there were no refrigerators to store food so they dried a lot of food to save for the winter. Now there were stores in the colonies so the colonists could but sugars and spices if they needed. There were other craft shops in the towns as well. The cooper was a man how made barrels in his shop. The silversmith made and repaired things with silver like shoes buckles, spoons, and candle holders. The apothecary’s shop sold medicines made from herbs and spices. A blacksmith made things from iron like nails and horseshoes. The joiner made furniture from wood like tables and chairs. The cobbler mended shoes. The white smith made things with tin like lanterns and cups. If you walked down a colonial main street you would see all of these shops along the way.

Comprehension Questions:

  1. What do you call a land that is ruled by another country? A colony
  2. How colonies did America start with? 13
  3. What country ruled the 13 original U.S. Colonies? England
  4. Which colonial craft would you like to make if you lived in colonial days?

Colonial Windows

Discuss:  In colonial days there were no glass windows.  Instead they used oiled paper over the windows.  The oiled paper let in more light than just plain paper.


  • 2 pieces of paper
  • tape
  • oil


  1. Tape one piece of paper over the window and notice how much light it lets in.
  2. Next rub a spoonful of oil over the second piece of paper.Pilgrims Study (101)
  3. Hold it up to the window next to the plain piece of paper. Which one lets in more light?Pilgrims Study (102)

Colonial Jobs

We talked about pages 89-90 in Colonial adventures Past Ports: charting a course down the coast by Theresa Anderson, Amy Williams, Denise Jess (4th to 8th grades) to learn about some of the colonial apprenticeships.

Colonial Pumpkin Pie


  • 2 cups mashed cooked pumpkin or (16 oz. can of pumpkin)
  • 3/4 cup sugar
  • 2 teaspoons ground cinnamon
  • 3/4 teaspoon ground nutmeg
  • 1/4 teaspoon ground cloves
  • 1/2 teaspoon salt
  • 3 slightly beaten eggs
  • 1 cup light cream
  • 1 unbaked 9 inch pie shell


  1. Combine pumpkin, sugar, spices and salt.
  2. Blend in eggs and cream.
  3. Pour into pastry shell.
  4. Bake at 400 until knife inserted off center comes out clean. 40 to 50 minutes.
  5. Cool (filling may crack) Pilgrims Study (103)


Pilgrim Unit Study

Day 1: The Separatists

Day 2: The Mayflower

Day 3: Plimouth Plantation

Day 4: Wampanoag & Squanto

Day 5:  The First Thanksgiving

Day 6:  The Colonists

Day 7:  Colonial Schools