Pilgrims Day 2: The Mayflower

The Mayflower

Today we learned about the Mayflower.  We did learned with literature, geography, crafts, and food.

Read:

  • The Mayflower by Susan Whitehurst
  • If You Sailed on The Mayflower in 1620 by Ann McGovern  pgs. 1-30
  • Stories of the Pilgrims by Margaret B. Pumphrey pgs. 87-128
  • A Beka Our America (pg. 76-79)
  • Who’s that Stepping on Plymouth Rock? DVD by Jean Fritz

Discuss: The Pilgrims found other people who wanted to go to America for other reason like owning their own land or just for an adventure. They were going to take 2 ships to America the Speedwell and the Mayflower. The Speedwell started leaking so they had to turn back and most of the passengers from the Speedwell crammed onto the Mayflower before setting sail again. 102 people joined together to take a ship called the Mayflower to America. There were also 20 sailors on board. The sailors made fun of and laughed at the Pilgrims, but the Pilgrims kept praying and worshiping God on the ship. Captain Master Jones was a very good captain and kind to his passengers. The Mayflower sailed on the ocean for 66 days. (Look a a world map and show the route that the Mayflower sailed.)Pilgrims Study (26) What ocean did they travel across? They ran out of meat, fruit, and vegetables and the water and bread that they kept in barrels was going stale. The Mayflower was a small cargo ship not meant to take passengers. All of the Pilgrims and their belongings were crammed together in a small area. One Pilgrim died on the Mayflower and 1 baby was born on the Mayflower. On November 11, 1620 the spotted land (Show where Massachusetts is on a map). It took the Pilgrims many weeks to find a good place with fresh water nearby to settle. They also needed a harbor nearby so ships could come. There were no stores for the Pilgrims to buy food and supplies when they got to America. They had to find food and build shelter for themselves. The travlers on board the Mayflower realized that they needed a compact to establish the good of the new colony. So the adult men onborad drafted up the Mayflower Compact and all signed it.

Online Activities:

Comprehension Questions:

  1. What was the name of the ship that the Pilgrims sailed on? Mayflower
  2. What year did the Pilgrims go to America? 1620
  3. Why did the Pilgrims take a ship to America instead of an airplane? Air travel hadn’t been invented yet.
  4. Were the sailors on the Mayflower kind to the Pilgrims? No
  5. Who on the ship was kind to the Pilgrims? The ship’s captain
  6. Where did the Pilgrims land in America? (Child show’s Massachusetts on the map)
  7. What did the Pilgrims have when they got to America? Nothing, they had to find food and build homes.

Mayflower Color Page

I found this Mayflower Color Page to color.

  1. Pilgrims Study (24)

A Mayflower Meal

We used page 13 in Pilgrims Theme Unit by Susan Moger to learn what the Pilgrims ate while on the Mayflower.Pilgrims Study (48) Pilgrims Study (47)

What They Brought & Pilgrim Chest

We  used page 17-18 in Pilgrims Theme Unit by Susan Moger to talk a little bit about what the Pilgrims brought with them on the Mayflower.Pilgrims Study (27)Pilgrims Study (28)

Mayflower Memory Game

Directions:

  1. Sit in a circle and take turns.
  2. The first person says, “I am sailing on the Mayflower and I am taking…”  Then say something that starts with “A” like apples.
  3. The second person says, “I am sailing on the Mayflower and I am taking…”  Then repeat what the first person said for “A” and add something that begins with “B” like Bibles.
  4. The third person must remember what the first 2 people said and then add a “C” item like cats.
  5. Continue through the alphabet.
  6. If a player can’t remember all the times, that player drops out until there is only one player left.

Journey to a New World

I found a fun game, Journey to a New World, for J and I to play.Pilgrims Study (44) Pilgrims Study (43)

Embarkation of the Pilgrims

Discuss: This painting is Embarkation of the Pilgrims by Robert Weir. It shows the Pilgrims on the Mayflower.embarkationofthepilgrims3

Materials:

  • Other pictures about the Pilgrims

Directions:

  1. What is the first item they notice when you looked at this picture?
  2. What do you think the pilgrims are doing?
  3. Do you notice anything interesting in the background?
  4. Can you guess who any of the people might be?

Mayflower Facts

Discuss:  Mayflower Facts

  • They ate cold food on the Mayflower.
  • The Pilgrims were on the Mayflower for 66 days.
  • The Pilgrims animals had to travel on the Mayflower too.
  • The Pilgrims got wet during rainstorms.
  • There were 3 decks on the Mayflower.
  • There were 102 passengers on the Mayflower.
  • Kids had to sleep on the floor on the Mayflower.
  • There were no toilets on the Mayflower.
  • The Pilgrims wore the same clothes everyday on the Mayflower.
  • The Mayflower landed in Cape Cod.

Materials:

  • Brown Grocery Bag
  • White Construction Paper
  • Writing Paper (5-6 pieces)
  • Pencil
  • Straw
  • Markers
  • Scissors
  • Tape
  • Stapler

Directions:

  1. Child writes one favorite Mayflower fact on each piece of writing paper.Pilgrims Study (29) Pilgrims Study (33)
  2. Cut down the side of the paper bag and cut out the bottom.
  3. Fold the bag into sixths and draw an outline of a boat.Pilgrims Study (30) Pilgrims Study (31)
  4. Cut out the boat from all 6 pieces of the bag.
  5. Staple them together on one side.Pilgrims Study (32)
  6. Tape in a fact paper on the first page and on the page opposite that have the child draw an illustration for the fact.Pilgrims Study (34)
  7. Continue until all the pages are full with facts and illustrations.Pilgrims Study (54) Pilgrims Study (53) Pilgrims Study (52)
  8. Close the book and draw a wood look on the front cover.
  9. Write Did You Know? On the front for a title.
  10. Cut a sail out of the what construction paper and tape the top of the straw to the back of it.Pilgrims Study (35)
  11. Tape the bottom of the straw to the back of the book.Pilgrims Study (36)

Compass Fun

Materials:

Directions:

  1. Color and cut out the compass mini book.Pilgrims Study (37)
  2. Place the top on top of the bottom and staple together 3 sides.Pilgrims Study (38)Pilgrims Study (39)
  3. Place a bit of tissue in between the two pieces to give it a 3-D affect and staple the rest of the sides together.
  4. Punch a hole in the top and string some yarn though it to create a compass necklace.Pilgrims Study (40) Pilgrims Study (41)

Mayflower Drawing

We used pages 54-55 in Draw. Write. Now. Book 3 by Marie Hablitzel and Kim Stitzer to draw a picture of the Mayflower.Pilgrims Study (50)

Plymouth Rock Cookies

Discuss: Plymouth rock might be the first place where the Pilgrims stepped when coming off of the Mayflower.

Cookie Ingredients:

  • 3/4 cup butter, softened
  • 1 cup powdered sugar
  • 1 teaspoon vanilla extract
  • 1 teaspoon almond extract
  • 2 and 1/4 cups of flour
  • 1/4 teaspoon of salt

Cookie Directions:

  1. Mix all the ingredients, until the dough sticks together. Pilgrims Study (45)
  2. Form into Plymouth rock shaps (1 to 1 1/2 inch) balls.
  3. Use a rectangle shaped cookie cutter to engrave a rectangle on each cookie.
  4. Use a toothpick to engrave the date (1620) inside the rectangle on each cookie. Pilgrims Study (46)
  5. Bake on a greased cookie sheet for 7 to 8 minutes, at 375 degrees, until golden brown.
  6. Remove from the oven, let cool completely.

Glaze Ingredients:

  • 1/4 cup of powdered sugar
  • 1 tablespoon of milk
  • 1 drop of black food coloring
  • one drop of green

Glaze Directions:

  1. Mix the ingredients .
  2. Drizzle the glaze over the cookies covering them. Pilgrims Study (49)
  3. Let the cookies dry until the glaze has hardened.Pilgrims Study (51)

Mayflower Compact

We used page 6 in Pilgrims Theme Unit by Susan Moger  to learn about the Mayflower Compact.  Then we talked about our own family rules.Pilgrims Study (42)

 

Pilgrim Unit Study

Day 1: The Separatists

Day 2: The Mayflower

Day 3: Plimouth Plantation

Day 4: Wampanoag & Squanto

Day 5:  The First Thanksgiving

Day 6:  The Colonists

Day 7:  Colonial Schools