Great Plains: Pawnee
Today we are studying the Pawnee tribe from the Great Plains region. We did some math, a craft, and a literature activity.
1. Review:We learned about the Blackfoot tribe in the Great Plains region last time. Today we will learn about another tribe in the Great Plains, the Pawnee tribe. Remind students where the Great Plains region is on the regional map.
2. Map Skills: Compare the regional map to the globe or map today and see what countries or states are in the Great Plains region.
3. Discuss: Fill out the Tribes Chart after reading each section. Have the child listen closely to choose what word to put on the chart. Bold type words are good suggestions.
Habitat: Great Plains The Pawnee Indians are original people of Nebraska and Kansas. The Pawnee tribe was forced to move to a reservation in Oklahoma during the 1800’s .
Homes: Most Pawnee Indians lived in settled villages of round earthen lodges. Pawnee lodges were made from wooden frames covered with packed earth. When the Pawnee tribe went on hunting trips, they used buffalo-hide tepees as temporary shelter, similar to camping tents.
Dress: Pawnee women wore deerskin skirts and poncho-like blouses. Pawnee men wore breechcloth and leather leggings. Men did not usually wear shirts, but warriors sometimes wore special buckskin war shirts. The Pawnees wore moccasins on their feet, and in cold weather, they wore long buffalo-hide robes. A Pawnee lady’s dress or warrior’s shirt was fringed and often decorated with beadwork and painted designs. Pawnee Indian leaders sometimes wore the long warbonnets that Plains Indians are famous for. More often, Pawnee men shaved their heads except for a scalplock (one long lock of hair in back) and wore a porcupine roach on top. Pawnee women wore their hair either loose or braided. The Pawnees also painted their faces for special occasions.
Food: The Pawnees were farming people. Pawnee women raised crops of corn, beans, squash, and sunflowers. The men worked together to hunt buffalo and antelopes. Originally, Pawnee hunters would drive buffalo onto marshy land where it was easier to shoot them, but once they acquired horses, they hunted buffalo from horseback.
4. Read: Pawnee by Barbara A. Gray-Kanaiiosh
5. Comprehension questions:
What region did the Pawnee live in? Great Plains
What kind of homes did the Pawnee build? Earthen lodges
What kind of clothes did the Pawnee wear? Deerskin skits, leather leggins, ponch-like blouses, breechcloth, shaved heads and moccasins
How did the Pawnee get their food? Hunted and farmed
• Construction paper
• Toothpicks (3 for each Tepee)
• Markers or crayons
• Cotton ball
We used page 46 of Native Americans Thematic Unit by Leigh Hoven to do some buffalo math.
Native Americans and Horses
We used page 30 of Native Americans Thematic Unitby Leigh Hoven to do a little comprehension reading activity.
Native American Unit Study